The Anti-inflammatory Power of Cucumber

A little history

The use of plants in medicine is as ancient as the history of mankind. Neanderthal naturally and instinctively used plants. All cultures have local knowledge of medicinal plants. From Sumerian traditions to China and India, medicine has relied on natural treatments. In more modern times, the development of chemistry has seen a decline in the use of plant medication. However, a growing interest in natural remedies in our societies is re-emerging, and we are witnessing another advancement in the use of plants and plant extracts in healing thanks to new modern forms of processing and usage.

Cucumbers are known and used since ancient times for its powerful anti-inflammatory effects. Let's take a closer look at this specific fruit, its unique properties, and an innovative botanical extract made out from this fruit.

Cucumber Fruit

Many green cucumbers

Chemical Components

The fruit is mostly composed of water (95%), cucurbitacins, vitamin C (10% of daily requirements), vitamins A, B, K, potassium, manganese, magnesium, silica, fiber. It also contains anti-oxidant phytochemicals such as polyphenols, flavonoïds, lignanes, anthocyanins.

The seeds contain protein, fiber, and carbohydrates; they are commonly used to make oil used in cooking as well as for medical purposes.

Medical uses  

Like most common fruit and vegetables, the cucumber has a high antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential.The antioxidant phytochemicals in the cucumber  (flavonoïds, polyphenols) have the power to inhibit pro-inflammatory cytokines located in our gut and hence stop the cell oxidation process, therefore counteracting inflammatory reactions in cases of diabetes, obesity, heart diseases, osteoporosis, arthritis, some fevers, gastrointestinal irritations, burns, skin rashes, darters, prurigo, and wounds.

Cucumber, Gut lining, inflammation, and the immune system

A healthy gut lining is a major condition for the prevention of inflammation and the effective functioning of the immune response. Diet has a major role in gut health, and studies have indicated that anthocyanin-rich foods play an essential role in the preservation of the intestinal mucus layer. Cucumbers also contain a lot of fiber, necessary to maintaining a healthy microbiome.

Joint pain, arthritis, bone health

Cucumber is also a good source of silica, which contributes to the growth and preservation of connective tissue throughout the body. Silica is commonly used for treating arthritis and other inflammatory disorders. The vitamin K content, associated with the calcium in the cucumber, also helps support bone health, by preventing blood coagulation and improving calcium absorption. 

Skin health

The water and vitamin C content in cucumber are both efficient in skin health, helping reduce local inflammatory reactions such as burns, wounds, and skin rashes. Cucumber oil can also be applied to the skin for the treatment of these symptoms.

Alcaline forming 

A proper balance between acid and alkaline forming foods needs to be observed in order to maintain homeostasis.  Vegetables, fruit, seeds are alkaline forming while, sugar, white flour, high-protein foods and alcohol are acid forming.  The higher the acid load (measured in terms of PRAL: Potential Renal Acid Load), the higher the risks of low-grade inflammation. An acid-forming diet will impact cell dehydration, cellular oxidation and therefore impair immunity. Potassium and vitamin C in the cucumber invests it with essential alkaline-forming properties. Cucumber is used in the treatment of hyperacidity, ulcers, and gastric disorders. The diuretic effect of cucumber consumption is also a significant ally in detoxification and, therefore, in the anti-inflammatory process.

Plant-powered cucumber botanical extract Actido by Crownhealth

Cucumber extract

When considering diet and health, it is essential to diagnose whether the person has a proper daily intake of essential nutrients. Our needs are different depending on genetics, anamneses, environment, activity, and stress. The proof is that modern diets, often related to modern lifestyles, have an impact on our vitamin and nutrient levels.

Research has proved that most people are deficient in many sources of vitamins and minerals (magnesium, zinc, vitamin D, iron, Omega 3 fatty acids, phytonutrients), and all-natural supplements, powered by botanical extracts, come to our rescue. 

Complementing our diets with plant extracts is a healthy means to restore deficiencies, since it has the advantage of containing high doses of the needed component, thus acting rapidly on metabolism.

A great example is ACTIDO™, the patented cucumber extract, clinically proven to boost performance with soothing benefits.  It powers all Crownhealth’s innovative solutions, especially FORCE, a plant-based supplement that specifically counteracts physical damage provoked by prolonged, strenuous exercise. Thanks to powerful ACTIDO™, it improves strength and performance, muscular endurance, and recovery.

Getting the benefits of the cucumber fruit in one shot has never been easier thanks to this formidable botanical extract!  

Force, Crownhealth soothing supplement, on a wood in the middle of the lawn


" The terrain is everything," and feeding the terrain with foods having anti-inflammatory efficacy is one of the keys to health.


Author: Nutritionist Marie-Noëlle Bourgeois, Bounce Up Micronutrition




Cucumis sativus Cucumber, Abdalbasit Adam Mariod, ... Ismail Hussein, in Unconventional Oilseeds and Oil Sources, 2017

Anti-inflammatory Activity of Cucumis sativus L. Uzuazokaro Mark-Maria Agatemor, Okwesili Fred Chiletugo Nwodo and Chioma Assumpta Anosike, British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research 8(2): 1-8, 2015, Article no.BJPR.19700 


 Anti-inflammatory effect of purified dietary anthocyanin in adults with hypercholesterolemia: A randomized controlled trial. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Y. Zhu, W. Ling, H. Guo, F. Song, Q. Ye, T. Zou, D. Li, Y. Zhang, G. Li, Y. Xiao, F. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Yang online 17 August 2012, ISSN 0939-4753, 10.1016/j.numecd.2012.06.005.

A review on Cucumis sativus (Cucumber), Pritesh Shah*, Swati Dhande, Dr. Yadunath Joshi, Dr. Vilasrao Kadam Department of Pharmacology, Bharati Vidyapeeth’s College of Pharmacy, Sector -8, C.B.D., Belapur, Navi Mumbai-400614, INDIA

The Anti-inflammatory Effects of Dietary Anthocyanins against Ulcerative Colitis, by Shiyu Li , Binning Wu ,Wenyi Fu and Lavanya Reddivari , Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019

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